Dog Breed Restrictions for On-Base Military Housing
This is confusing for new residents because the language somewhat differs. Not only are the breed restrictions different, but the number of pets allowed in a home changes from base to base and company to company. Add in the fact that some of these breeds have the potential to be certified assistance animals, and the policies and the possibilities for a waiver become even more difficult to navigate.
Rules banning specific dog breeds in military housing started around 2008-2009. It’s commonly thought that these bans were set into place after two significant events. The first was an uptick in dog bites and attacks on military families living on base. The second was the full implementation of privatized housing, which had to accommodate safety regulations in order to obtain insurance. (Learn more: Understand Privatized Military Housing).
When searching for dog breed restrictions on military bases, it's a safe bet that the list could include:
- American Pit Bull Terrier
- Staffordshire Bull Terrier
- Bull Mastiff
- Doberman Pinscher
- Rhodesian Ridge Back
- Chow Chow
- Wolf Breeds
- Cross of any of the above mentioned
- Any dog that demonstrates a propensity for aggressive or dominant behavior.
Note that this isn’t an exhaustive list, as each base and housing company has their own policies, but these breeds are typically singled out. When searching housing companies for specific information on their banned breed lists, they often require direct contact with their offices. Corvias Military Housing is an exception in that they have a picture guide that details restricted breeds. Here is an example from the property they manage on Fort Bragg, North Carolina.
Understanding Military Housing Pet Policies (and Some Points of Contention)
An Army-wide memo in 2012 explained that breed bans on bases do not serve their purpose as it is the owner, not the breed, that determines a dog’s behavior. The Air Force Standardized Pet Policy similarly states that,
"Residents may not board dogs of any breed (including a mixed breed) that are deemed 'aggressive or potentially aggressive,' unless the dog is a certified military working dog that is being boarded by its handler/trainer or approval is obtained by the Installation Commander in writing."
Military families who own these dogs and prefer to live on base have for years been vocal about what they perceive as an unfair prejudice against the breeds and echo the Army and Air Force memos which place the blame on owners for aggressive behaviors. However, even with significant publicity and organized petitions, these baseline bans remain.
Some of the current regulations regarding banned breeds in military housing:
Residents, employees, contractors, or visitors may not bring on any installation, any dog of a breed (including a mixed breed) that is deemed aggressive/dangerous or potentially aggressive/dangerous. For purposes of this policy, aggressive/dangerous or potentially aggressive/dangerous breeds of dogs are defined as Pit Bulls (American Staffordshire Bull Terriers or English Staffordshire Bull Terriers), Rottweilers, Doberman Pinschers, Chows, and wolf hybrids.
This prohibition also extends to other dogs that demonstrate a propensity for dominant or aggressive/dangerous behavior as indicated by any of the following types of conduct:
(a) Unprovoked barking, growling, or snarling when people are present.
(b) Aggressively running along fence lines when people are present.
(c) Biting or scratching people, or attacking other pets.
(d) Escaping confinement or restriction to chase people.
Residents may not board dogs of any breed (including a mixed breed) that are deemed
“aggressive or potentially aggressive,” unless the dog is a certified military working dog that is being boarded by its handler/trainer or approval is obtained by the Installation Commander in writing. For purposes of this policy, aggressive or potentially aggressive breeds of dogs are defined as a Pit Bull (American Staffordshire Bull Terrier or English Staffordshire Bull Terrier), Rottweiler, Doberman Pinscher, Chow and wolf hybrids. Prohibition also extends to other breeds of dogs or individual dogs that demonstrate or are known to demonstrate a propensity for dominant or aggressive behavior as indicated by any of the following type of behaviors: 1) Unprovoked barking, growling or snarling at people approaching the animal, 2) Aggressively running along a fence line when people are present, 3) Biting or scratching people, and 4) Escaping confinement or restriction to chase people.
Navy Pet Policy (each installation's policy is similar; here's an example from Naval Support Activity Naples):
In order to maintain the safety of housing residents and their guests, the following pets are not allowed in any Government Assigned Housing to include Unaccompanied Enlisted Personnel Housing, Navy Gateway Inns and Suites, Villas, or Flag Quarters: Any dog of a breed (including mixed breed) that have the potential for harm or are hazardous to others as potentially aggressive. For the purposes of this instruction this is defined as Pit Bulls (American Stafford Bull Terrier, American Bully, or English Stafford Bull Terrier), Rottweiler, Doberman Pinschers, and wolf hybrids. Breed is to be verified by NAVSUPPACT Naples Veterinary Office.
Dogs will not be prohibited from housing based on breed, but may be removed for demonstrated instances of aggressive behavior such as unprovoked barking, growling, or snarling at people approaching the animal, aggressively running along fence line when people are present, biting or scratching people, and escaping confinement or restriction to chase people.
Marine Corps Pet Policy (example from Twenty-Nine Palms Housing):
Pit Bulls (American Pit Bull Terrier, American Staffordshire Terrier, Staffordshire Bull Terrier), Rottweiler’s, any Wolf hybrid or any mix of the aforementioned breeds are not permitted in family housing or aboard the base.
Mixed Breed Dogs in Military Housing
Another source of contention among banned breed owners is the official designation of mixed breeds. There is room for interpretation from veterinarians on how exactly to label a dog with lineage from a restricted breed. Increasingly, officials require a dog DNA test to prove the dog’s breed, but banned breed advocates also contest these results since they have plenty of room for error, and owners question the percentage of a restricted breed bloodline that is deemed too high.
Although a mixed puppy may have Staffordshire Bull Terrier heritage, it could easily have other breed lines such as the very docile Labrador Retriever. Which breed should the veterinarian document? Sometimes, simple paperwork from a professional makes all the difference for the ability to live on base.
Housing offices use either the breed name listed on your pet’s vet records or DNA results. Again, verification varies from base to base. For example, housing on MCB Quantico requires one of the two options and will not accept non-specific breed words such as “mixed” or “mutt” from the vet.
Related: Is Your Exotic Pet Allowed in Military Housing? No, your monkey can’t live on base!
Housing Options for Military Families Who Own a Banned Dog Breed
1) Find a rental home off base.
One option many military families choose is to rent a home off base. However, renting sometimes poses its own set of road blocks because many commercial rental communities and deed restricted neighborhoods prohibit the same breeds as the local base housing office.
However, there are accommodating homeowners out there who have experience owning a banned breed and may understand the challenges of a renter who happens to have a heart for dogs traditionally labeled aggressive.
A real estate agent with experience in the rental market might have the inside scoop on pet-friendly rentals. It's also a great idea to have a letter from a former property owner who can vouch on your behalf about the behavior of your dog.
2) Buy a home.
When all else fails in a rental search, many families choose to buy a home instead so they can accommodate the needs of their furry family members. As with rentals, breed restrictions may still exist in deed-restricted neighborhoods, but buying a home may free you from pet ban restrictions.
To help you better identify a pet-friendly home near your new base that has fenced and spacious yards, a pro real estate agent will be glad to help you quickly identify a house that best fits your needs.
3) Consider rehoming or temporary care for your pet.
While this option is a last resort, as well as heartbreaking for families who see their dog as a member of the family, should your family truly desire to live on base or be moving overseas where the only option is living in military housing, you may consider alternative homes for your pet. You may ask trusted friends or family members care for your dog while you live on base, or explore some reputable online resources that permit rehoming requests. The same is true for dog breed specific rescues.
Some options to explore:
It doesn’t seem as though the restrictions on dog breeds allowed to live in military housing are going away anytime soon. It's a tough call to make for officials--to craft policies that consider both the public’s safety and the rights of serious dog owners willing to do the work it takes to maintain the high expectations placed on banned breeds.
Did you know that the Advanced Search settings on MilitaryByOwner includes a filter to list rentals that accept pets? Yep! So take a chance on one of the owners. They could be banned breed dog friendly!
This post is regularly checked for the latest, most accurate information. Updated 2021. This post is for informational purposes only and should not be viewed as legal advice. Check with your installation's housing office for specifics on their pet policies.